What is Herbal Medicine?
Every human being, like other living organisms, innately has inspirations and physiological functions working together to instinctively adapt to surroundings. The association of physiological processes and living mechanism gave a foundation and rise to a branch of natural science. As time progressed, people began in search for something better than nature, they searched for the idea. In the process of searching, they found herbal medicine to cure pain. During its nascent years, medicinal herbs were predominantly used in concoction. Subsequently more ingredients derived from minerals, animals, and other natural sources, respectively, and these ingredients were used without altering physical properties but used in its natural forms. Herbal medicine is originally a folk medicine, which was founded and developed based on experiences and trials. It was transmitted orally but with the invention of Chinese characters, it was documented.
Why is Herbal Medicine Needed?
Human body has a regulatory system that regulates and maintains constant balance of the internal environment called homeostasis. Human body uses feedback mechanisms to monitor and to regulate mutual relationships among internal organs as well as the overall systems of the body thereby maintaining homeostasis. In the western medicine, the cause of disease can be viewed as a homeostatic imbalance. Similarly, in Oriental medicine disease is viewed as disturbance of body’s balance. As the physiological and internal balances become disturbed and visceral organs and systems become uncooperative, functions of a certain organ become either overactive or suppressed. Administration of herbal medicine can restore the balance of the body and cooperation of physiological functions. Because herbal medicine has such pharmacological functions, it is necessary.